Carpet versus Floorboards

G Magazine

Carpets are warm and soft, floorboards are durable and easy to clean. But which is best for the environment?

Carpet and floorboard samples in the shape of feet

Carpet or floorboards: which should you be treading on?

Credit: iStockphoto

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Twenty years ago carpet accounted for close to 80 per cent of the floor covering installed in Australia.

Though it still remains the most popular flooring material, its dominance has steadily declined: today carpet accounts for just over 50 per cent of Australian floor coverings.

Timber flooring, by contrast, is on the rise. But is this trend good for the environment?


Timber is a renewable resource, and if you shop smart, it can be sourced from sustainable forests or plantations.

During the production of timber the majority of energy is consumed in the drying process. In Australia, several companies have developed solar-based drying systems.

As well as emitting less greenhouse gases, solar-based drying is better for the timber.

Carpets are made from three different fibres - wool, nylon, or polypropylene - of which nylon is generally considered the more environment-friendly to create.

Nylon beats wool because, as sheep digest they produce a lot of methane - a potent greenhouse gas.

However, unlike wool, nylon is not a renewable resource, being derived from fossil fuels.

On the floor

The average carpet will stay put for between seven and twelve years.

But most carpets don't wear out. Instead, they get replaced when owners renovate or update the decor.

Given this short lifetime, it is unfortunate that around 80 per cent of used carpet ends up in a landfill.

With the majority of carpet being made from nylon, which doesn't readily break down, it will stay in landfill for a lot longer than it stayed on the floor.

The carpet industry is trying to reverse this trend. Companies like Melbourne Carpet Recyclers will inspect a carpet prior to renovation and then find another use for it elsewhere.

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